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What Is The Name Of The Agreement Made Between Countries To Reduce Ozone Depletion

As a result of the measures taken under the Montreal Protocol, ODS emissions are decreasing and the ozone layer is expected to be fully healed by the middle of the 21st century. To learn more about the current state of the ozone layer, the ecological consequence of this discovery was that, since stratospheric ozone absorbs most of the ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation reaching the planet`s surface, depletion of the ozone layer by CFCs would result in increased UV-B radiation on the surface, resulting in increased skin cancers and other effects such as damage to crops and marine influences. In order to make the protocol effective, countries have banned the export and importation of controlled substances with countries not parties to the protocol. In a second phase, the trade ban would extend to products containing a controlled substance and, in a third phase, to products made with substances. The last one was removed from the agenda. During the negotiations, countries were concerned that these provisions would be contrary to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). To address these concerns, Article 4, paragraph 8, authorizes trade with countries that are not parties to the agreement but comply with the protocol, while a decision by the parties requires the party to abide by the rules. After the publication of their most important document in June 1974, Rowland and Molina recklessly appeared before the U.S. House of Representatives in December 1974. As a result, significant resources have been made available to examine different aspects of the problem and confirm the initial results.

In 1976, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) published a report confirming the scientific credibility of the ozone depletion hypothesis. [35] The SIN has also published related science assessments over the next 10 years. The Montreal Protocol reflects a convergence of the interests of scientists who wanted a level playing field in the face of growing threats to the ozone layer, the private sector, when companies reacted to new national laws on the control of harmful chemicals, non-governmental organizations that opposed environmental protection, and national governments that increasingly see an international agreement as in their interest. Within 25 years of the signing, the MP`s parties are celebrating significant events. It is significant that the world has gradually demerited 98% of the ozone-depleting substances (ODS) found in nearly 100 hazardous chemicals worldwide; Each country meets strict obligations; and the Member was granted the status of the world`s first regime with universal ratification; Even the youngest member state, South Sudan, was ratified in 2013.