65-45-12 Ferritic Ductile Iron


Continuously cast ductile iron bar stock is produced in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, including rounds, rectangles and special shape cross sections.
It often is used as a direct replacement for plain carbon steel and can offer dramatic cost reductions for parts that require a lot of machining. The machinability rating of ductile iron bar stock will be similar to free machining carbon steel grades, such as 12L14, 11L17, 86L20, 1141 and 1144, and achievable machining speeds will be significantly higher.

Ductile iron contains graphite in the form of very small, round nodules that give the material free machining properties without the addition of lead, bismuth, sulfur or phosphorus.

The continuous casting process eliminates typical foundry defects, such as gas holes, hard spots, slag inclusions and inconsistent properties, that result from different molding methods. Bars are cast through a water-cooled graphite die mounted on the bottom of a large bar machine crucible. The ferrostatic head pressure created by the molten metal in the bar machine crucible forces iron into the die, producing a very fine-grained microstructure. The outer “rim” is the only part of the bar that is solid when it exits the die. The core is molten iron. Heat from the molten iron core reheats the rapidly chilled outer skin, producing a homogenized microstructure that is cooled to room temperature in still air.

Ductile iron bar stock consists of a microstructure that is made up of graphite nodules in a solid metal matrix. The solid metal matrix will be similar to the matrix structure in carbon steel bars, and the amount of combined carbon determines the mechanical and physical properties of each grade.

The 65-45-12 ductile iron grade has a mostly ferritic matrix with approximately 25% (max) pearlite. The mechanical properties of 65-45-12 will be similar to low carbon steels that contain up to 0.25% carbon including 1010, 1018, 11L17, 12L14 and 1020.

All grades of ductile iron bar stock respond very well to conventional heat-treating methods.

Composition: Typical chemical composition and ranges, actual values depend on cross section size.


Gears, Cylinder blocks, End Caps, Gear Rack Housings, Glands, Manifolds, Pistons, Rotors, Bank Molds, Plungers, Bushings, Chuck Bodies, Die Blocks, Flywheels, Gears, Housings, Journals, Pulleys, Rams, Rotary Tables, Side Frames, Spindle Housings, Tie Rod Nuts, Plunger, Coupling Hubs, Gears, Pulleys, Rotary Screws, Rotors, Rail Spacers, Sprockets


ASTM A-536 Grade 65-45-12, Ductile Iron Castings
Tensile Strength (psi) 65,000
Yield Strength (psi) 45,000
Elongation (%) 12

Available Forms

  • Bar
  • Plate
  • Square Bar
  • Tubes